Episodes

Episode List

Season 2, Episode 13 - Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

Episode 2.13 Show Notes

Abbreviations

BCT – Breast Conservation Therapy

CHT - Chemotherapy

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DCIS - Ductal carcinoma in situ

ENE – Extranodal Extension

ER – Estrogen Receptor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HER2 - Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

IDC – Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

IMN – Internal Mammary Nodes

Ki67 - percentage score defined as the percentage of positively stained tumor cells among the total number of malignant cells assessed, commonly used measure of cellular proliferation in breast cancer tissue

LAD - Lymphadenopathy

LN – Lymph Nodes

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

NAC – Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network

OAR – Organs at Risk

PMRT – Post Mastectomy Radiation Therapy

PR – Progesterone Receptor

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RNI – Regional Nodal Irradiation

RT – Radiation Therapy

SLNB – Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

T stage – Tumor Staging

TNM – Tumor Node Metastasis

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

 

Staging

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer/stages-types-grades/tnm-staging

 

Breast Screening Guidelines

https://www.komen.org/breast-cancer/screening/when-to-screen/average-risk-women/

 

Highlights

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Alexandra Bennett, who was featured in this episode.

https://college.mayo.edu/academics/residencies-and-fellowships/radiation-oncology-residency-minnesota/meet-our-trainees/


Thank you to Dr. Kim Corbin.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/biographies/corbin-kimberly-s-m-d/bio-20163919

Season 2, Episode 12 - Early Stage Breast Cancer

Episode 2.12 Show Notes

Abbreviations

AI - Aromatase Inhibitor

BCT – Breast Conservation Therapy

BI-RADS - Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DCIS - Ductal carcinoma in situ

ER – Estrogen Receptor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HER2 - Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

IDC – Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

IMN – Internal Mammary Nodes

Ki67 - percentage score defined as the percentage of positively stained tumor cells among the total number of malignant cells assessed, commonly used measure of cellular proliferation in breast cancer tissue

LN – Lymph Nodes

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

OAR – Organs at Risk

PBI – Partial Breast Irradiation

PR – Progesterone Receptor

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RT – Radiation Therapy

SLNB – Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

T stage – Tumor Staging

USPSTF - United States Preventive Services Taskforce

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

WBI – Whole Breast Irradiation

 

Staging

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer/stages-types-grades/tnm-staging

 

Breast Screening Guidelines

https://www.komen.org/breast-cancer/screening/when-to-screen/average-risk-women/

 

USPSTF Breast Cancer Screening

https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/recommendation/breast-cancer-screening

 

Choosing Wisely

https://www.choosingwisely.org/societies/society-of-surgical-oncology/

 

FAST FORWARD

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30932-6/fulltext

 

ASTRO Clinical Practice Guideline

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1879850023002965?via%3Dihub


Breast-Conserving Surgery with or without Irradiation in Early Breast Cancer

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa2207586


Highlights

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Kim Corbin.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/biographies/corbin-kimberly-s-m-d/bio-20163919

Season 2, Episode 11 - ARRO Special

Episode 2.11 ARRO Special

Discussing Private Practice and Academic Roles


Season 2, Episode 10 - ARRO Special

Episode 2.10 ARRO Special

Preview of ARRO Day at the 2023 ASTRO Annual Meeting

Season 2, Episode 9 - ARRO Special

Episode 2.9 ARRO Special

Navigating the ASTRO Annual Meeting as a Medical Student

Season 2, Episode 8 - Clinic Scaries: Lung

Episode 2.8 Show Notes

Abbreviations:


Highlights:


Show notes generated by ChatGPT4 


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Percy Lee

https://www.cityofhope.org/percy-lee

Season 2, Episode 7 - Extensive Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

Episode 2.7 Show Notes

Abbreviations


Resource Links

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa1809064

https://www.thelancet.com/article/S0140-6736(19)32222-6/fulltext

https://www.nrgoncology.org/Home/News/Post/the-raptor-trial-nrg-lu007-for-extensive-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer


Highlights


Show notes generated by ChatGPT4 


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Drew Moghanaki at the University of California Los Angeles for helping review this case! https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/drew-moghanaki

Season 2, Episode 6 - Limited Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

Episode 2.6 Show Notes

Turrisi Regimen

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejm199901283400403


Staging 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3266593/


SVC Grading

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/superior-vena-cava-obstruction-grading-2?lang=us


VALG Staging

https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/Small_cell_carcinoma_of_the_lung_staging



Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Drew Moghanaki at the University of California Los Angeles for helping review this case! https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/drew-moghanaki

Season 2, Episode 5 - Clinic Scaries: GU

Episode 2.5 Show Notes

Title: Clinic Scaries: Prostate Literature Deep Dive
Series: Clinic Scaries (Season 2, Episode 5)
Release Date: 6/9/2023

Episode Description:

In this episode, our hosts are diving into the must-know prostate literature, unpacking studies behind prostate cancer treatments, the importance of ADT, and the role of dose escalation. Perfect for the night before your GU rotation!

Key Takeaways:


Show notes generated by ChatGPT4 


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Amar Kishan

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/amar-kishan

Season 2, Episode 4 - The Accelerators Podcast Crossover Episode

Episode 2.4 Show Notes

At The Beam meet the Accelerators

https://accelerators.buzzsprout.com/


Thank you to Drs Brown, Parikh, and Spraker, for having us on!

https://twitter.com/jaguaranna27?lang=en

https://twitter.com/SprakerMDPhD

https://twitter.com/ParikhSimul

Season 2, Episode 3 - Seminoma

Episode 2.3 Show Notes

Abbreviations

GU- genitourinary

LN – lymph nodes

LVI- lymphovascular invasion

CTAP- CT abdomen and pelvis

CXR- chest X-ray

CHT- chemotherapy

BEP- bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin

EP- etoposide and cisplatin

GTV- gross tumor volume

APPA- anterior-posterior/posterior-anterior

IBD- inflammatory bowel disease

AFP- alpha-fetoprotein

bHCG- beta-human chorionic gonadotropin

LDH- lactate dehydrogenase


Highlights


Show notes generated by ChatGPT4 


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Rachel Shenker, who was featured in this episode. 

https://radonc.duke.edu/personnel/rachel-shenker-md

 

Thank you to Dr. W Robert Lee for their review of this episode

https://www.dukehealth.org/find-doctors-physicians/w-robert-lee-md-med-ms


Season 2, Episode 2 - ATB/ARRO special series: 

Laynrx/Oral Cavity

Episode 2.2 Show Notes

Case 1 Fiberoptic Scope Exam (image above)

Case 2 - Oral Cavity

Reference CT image at 15 minutes (above) and PET images (below)

Season 2, Episode 1 - Bladder Cancer

Episode 2.1 Show Notes

Abbreviations

SCC- squamous cell carcinoma

LN – lymph nodes

DOI- depth of invasion

TURBT- trans urethral resection of bladder tumor

CHT- chemotherapy

MIBC- muscle invasive bladder cancer

CRT- chemoradiation

MTX- methotrexate

5FU/MMC- 5-flurouracil and mitomycin C

CR- complete response 



Bladder Mapping 

https://twitter.com/NicholasZaorsky/status/1219388807814045696


Staging 

https://twitter.com/NicholasZaorsky/status/1593256300724465664


Contouring Tips 

https://twitter.com/NicholasZaorsky/status/1615706554552188928


MGH/Shipley CRT Regimen

https://twitter.com/NicholasZaorsky/status/1219387727524827138


BC2001 Trial 

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa1106106



Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Nicholas Zaorsky at University Hospitals Case Western for helping review this case! https://twitter.com/NicholasZaorsky

https://www.uhhospitals.org/doctors/Zaorsky-Nicholas-1073804373

Episode 23 - Rad Onc 101

Episode 23 Show Notes

Abbreviations

RO - Radiation Oncologist

RT - Radiotherapy

IR - Ionizing Radiation

CRT - Chemoradiotherapy


Intro to Rad Onc

https://www.astro.org/uploadedfiles/affiliates/arro/future_residents/introtoro.pdf

  

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Hefei Liu, who was featured in this episode

https://www.goodmorningamerica.com/family/story/mom-son-celebrate-matching-residency-programs-98083134

Episode 22 - Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Episode 22 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CHL - Classic Hodgkin's Lymphoma

HL - Hodgkin's Lymphoma

IPI -  International Prognostic Index 

NLPHL - Nodular Lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma

FLIPI - Follicular lymphoma international prognostic index 

FNA - Fine Needle Aspiration 


Ann Arbor Staging System 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/ann-arbor-staging

  

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Ann Raldow

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/ann-raldow

Episode 21 - Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Episode 21 Show Notes

Abbreviations

NHL - Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

HL - Hodgkin's Lymphoma

IPI -  International Prognostic Index 

FLIPI - Follicular lymphoma international prognostic index 

FNA - Fine Needle Aspiration 


 

Relevance of Bone Marrow Biopsy in Follicular Lymphoma 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35787017/

 

Ann Arbor Staging System 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/ann-arbor-staging

 

Review on Follicular Lymphoma 

https://www.haematologica.org/article/view/10486 

 

FORT Trial 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(20)30686-0/fulltext

 

Highlights



Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Michael Binkley 

https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/michael-binkley


Episode 20 - Vestibular Schwannoma

Episode 20 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CHF – Congestive Heart Failure

CNS – Central Nervous System

CPA – Cerebellopontine Angle

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HPF – High Powered Field

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

HTN – Hypertension

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

LC – Local control

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

NF-2 – Neurofibromatosis 2

OAR – Organs at Risk

OS – Overall Survival

PCP – Primary Care Physician

PTA – Pure Tone Average

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RCT – Randomized Controlled Trial

RT – Radiotherapy

SRS – Stereotactic Radiosurgery

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy

VS – Vestibular Schwannoma

WHO – World Health Organization

 

Cranial Nerves

https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/the-12-cranial-nerves

 

Risk Factors of Acoustic Neuroma: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

https://synapse.koreamed.org/articles/1032004

 

House-Brackmann Facial Nerve Grading System

https://i.pinimg.com/736x/6b/28/a9/6b28a9251d594fed762132ccf0793ea1.jpg

 

Gardner-Robertson scale

https://operativeneurosurgery.com/doku.php?id=gardner_robertson_scale

 

Koos Grading Scale

https://operativeneurosurgery.com/doku.php?id=koos_grading_scale#:~:text=The%20Koos%20classification%20of%20vestibular,not%20encroach%20on%20the%20brainstem

 

Highlights

 

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. John Hegde

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/john-hegde


Episode 19 - Meningioma

Episode 19 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CNS – Central Nervous System

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HPF – High Powered Field

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

LC – Local control

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

NF-2 – Neurofibromatosis 2

OAR – Organs at Risk

OS – Overall Survival

PCP – Primary Care Physician

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RT – Radiotherapy

SRS – Stereotactic Radiosurgery

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy

WHO – World Health Organization

 

WHO Grading

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/meningioma-grading

 

Simpson Grading

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/simpson-grade?lang=us

 

Hormonal Therapy and Meningioma

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc071938

 

RTOG 0539

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31786276/

 

Highlights

 

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Tania Kaprealian

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/tania-kaprealian

Episode 18 - Nasopharynx Cancer

Episode 18 Show Notes

Abbreviations  

BOS – Base of Skull

BOT – Base of Tongue

CN – Cranial Nerve

CRT – Chemoradiotherapy 

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

EBV - Epstein–Barr Virus

ENT – Otorhinolaryngology

FNA – Fine Needle Aspiration

H&P – History and Physical 

HPV – Human papilloma virus

ICA – internal carotid artery

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

LAD – Lymphadenopathy 

LN – Lymph Nodes 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

NPC – Nasopharynx cancer

NPX – Nasopharynx

OAR – Organs at Risk 

OPX – Oropharynx

PET- positron emission tomography

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume 

RPN – Retropharyngeal Node

RT – Radiotherapy 

SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma

SCM – Sternocleidomastoid

SIB – Simultaneous integrated boost 

SMG – Submandibular glands

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy 

WHO – World Health Organization

 

NPX Staging  

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/nasopharyngeal-cancer-staging?lang=us

 

NCCN guidelines 

https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/head-and-neck.pdf 

Head and Neck Anatomy 

https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/head-and-neck-anatomy 

 

Highlights  

Acknowledgements  

Thank you to Dr. Beth Beadle 

https://profiles.stanford.edu/beth-beadle 




Episode 17 - Oropharynx Cancer

Episode 17 Show Notes

Abbreviations  

BOT – Base of Tongue 

CRT – Chemoradiotherapy  

ENT – Otorhinolaryngology 

H&P – History and Physical  

HPV – Human papilloma virus 

ICA – internal carotid artery 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy  

LAD – Lymphadenopathy  

LN – Lymph Nodes  

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

OAR – Organs at Risk  

OPX – Oropharynx 

PET- positron emission tomography 

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume  

RT – Radiotherapy  

SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma 

SCM – Sternocleidomastoid 

SIB – Simultaneous integrated boost  

SMG – Submandibular glands 

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy  

 

 P16+ OPX Staging  

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/hpv-mediated-p16-positive-oropharyngeal-cancer-staging?lang=us 

 

NCCN guidelines 

https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/head-and-neck.pdf 

Head and Neck Anatomy 

https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/head-and-neck-anatomy 

 

Highlights  


Acknowledgements  

Thank you to Dr. Beth Beadle 

https://profiles.stanford.edu/beth-beadle 




Episode 16 - Rectal Cancer

Episode 16 Show Notes

Abbreviations 

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy 

4D-CT – 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography 

CBC – Complete Blood Count 

CI – Common Iliac 

CMP – Complete Metabolic Panel 

CRT – Chemoradiotherapy 

DRE – Digital Rectal Exam 

FNA – Fine Needle Aspiration 

GI – Gastrointestinal 

H&P – History and Physical 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

LAD – Lymphadenopathy 

LARC – Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer 

LINAC – Linear Accelerator 

LN – Lymph Nodes 

MLC – Micro-Leaf Collimators 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

OAR – Organs at Risk 

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume 

RT – Radiotherapy 

SIB – Simultaneous integrated boost 

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy 

 

Anal Cancer Staging 

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/rectal-cancer-staging?lang=us 


RAPIDO 

https://www.thelancet.com/article/S1470-2045(20)30555-6/fulltext 


OPRA 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35483010/ 


PRODIGE 23 

https://www.thelancet.com/article/S1470-2045(21)00079-6/fulltext 


STAR-TReC 

https://ro-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13014-020-01487-6 

 

RTOG 0822 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4540628/ 


Highlights 

Acknowledgements 

Thank you to Dr. Ramez Kouzy, who was featured in this episode. 

https://www.linkedin.com/in/ramez-kouzy-b2329761/ 

 

Thank you to Dr. Emma B. Holliday 

https://faculty.mdanderson.org/profiles/emma_holliday.html 


Episode 15 - Anal Cancer

Episode 15 Show Notes

Abbreviations

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy

4D-CT – 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography

5FU – Fluorouracil

APR – Abdominal Perineal Resection

CBC – Complete Blood Count

CEA - Carcinoembryonic Antigen

CMP – Complete Metabolic Panel

CRT – Chemoradiotherapy

DRE – Digital Rectal Exam

FNA – Fine Needle Aspiration

GI - Gastrointestinal

H&P – History and Physical

HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HPV - Human Papillomavirus

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

LAD - Lymphadenopathy

LINAC – Linear Accelerator

LN – Lymph Nodes

MLC – Micro-Leaf Collimators

MMC – Mitomycin C

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MU – Monitor Units

OAR – Organs at Risk

pCR – Pathologic Complete Response

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RT – Radiotherapy

SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma

SIB – Simultaneous integrated boost

STD – Sexually Transmitted Disease

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy

 

Anal Cancer Staging

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/anal-cancer-staging-1?lang=us

Nigro Regimen

https://acsjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/1097-0142(19830515)51:10%3C1826::AID-CNCR2820511012%3E3.0.CO;2-L

RTOG 8704

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8823332/

ACTII

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(13)70086-X/fulltext


Highlights

 

 Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Emma B. Holliday

https://faculty.mdanderson.org/profiles/emma_holliday.html

Episode 14 - Quick n' Dirty Dosi 3

Episode 14 Show Notes

Abbreviations

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy

4D-CT – 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography

CBCT – Cone Beam Computed Tomography

cGy – Centi-Gray

CI_ Conformality index

HDR – High Dose Rate

HI – Homogeneity index

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

LINAC – Linear Accelerator

MLC – Micro-Leaf Collimators

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MU – Monitor Units

OAR – Organs at Risk

TPR – Tissue Phantom Ratio

TPS – Treatment Planning system

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy

 

DVH

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10192366/

 

CB-CHOPS

https://appliedradiationoncology.com/articles/cb-chop-a-simple-acronym-for-evaluating-a-radiation-treatment-plan

 

CI

https://www.redjournal.org/article/S0360-3016(05)02719-7/fulltext

 

HI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3532749/


Highlights

 Acknowledgements

Thank you to Ontida Apinorasethkul, MS, CMD

https://www.linkedin.com/in/ontida/

Episode 13 - Quick n' Dirty Dosi 2

Episode 13 Show Notes

Abbreviations

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy

4D-CT – 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography

CBCT – Cone Beam Computed Tomography 

cGy – Centi-Gray 

HDR – High Dose Rate 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

kV – KiloVoltage 

LINAC – Linear Accelerator 

LDR – Lose Dose Rate 

MLC – Micro-Lead Collimators 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

MU – Monitor Units 

OAR – Organs at Risk

ODI – Optical Distance Indicator

TPR – Tissue Phantom Ratio 

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy 


What is IMRT 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZS6DVGBx0k&ab_channel=TheNCIHospital 


What is VMAT

https://vimeo.com/26858213


Radiation Therapy SRS 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6d_dtVTs4CM&ab_channel=TED-Ed 


Simulations

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ePjvoqXeDow&ab_channel=TampaGeneralHospital


Highlights 


Acknowledgements  

Thank you to Diana No, CMD

https://www.linkedin.com/in/diana-kwa-no-3aa0a26/

Episode 12 - Quick n' Dirty Dosi 1

Episode 12 Show Notes

Abbreviations  

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy

CBCT – Cone Beam Computed Tomography 

cGy – Centi-Gray 

HDR – High Dose Rate 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

kV – KiloVoltage 

LINAC – Linear Accelerator 

LDR – Lose Dose Rate 

MLC – Micro-Lead Collimators 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

MU – Monitor Units 

TPR – Tissue Phantom Ratio 

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy 


How do LINACs Work   

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jSgnWfbEx1A&ab_channel=Elekta 


What is IMRT 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZS6DVGBx0k&ab_channel=TheNCIHospital 


Radiation Therapy SRS 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6d_dtVTs4CM&ab_channel=TED-Ed 

  

Protons vs Photons 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QM1PPplvYDQ&ab_channel=ProtonTherapyCenter 


Highlights


Acknowledgements  

Thank you to Dr. Daniel Pham.

https://med.stanford.edu/medphysics/about/dosimetry-team.html 

Episode 11 - Cervical Cancer

Episode 11 Show Notes

Abbreviations 

CBC – Complete Blood Count 

CHT - Chemotherapy 

CT – Computed Tomography 

CT CAP – CT of the Chest Abdomen and Pelvis 

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume 

CXR – Chest X-Ray 

EBRT – External Beam Radiation Therapy 

FIGO - International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume 

H&P – History and Physical 

HNPCC - Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer 

HPV – Human Papilloma Virus 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

LN – Lymph Nodes 

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

N stage – Nodal Staging 

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network 

OAR – Organs at Risk 

PA – Para-Aortic 

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume 

RT – Radiation Therapy 

T stage – Tumor Staging 

TNM – Tumor Node Metastasis 

TVUS – Trans Vaginal Ultra Sound 

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray 

VCB – Vaginal Cylinder Brachytherapy 

 

Staging 

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/cervical-cancer-staging-1?lang=us 

 

ACOG Screening Guidelines 

https://www.acog.org/womens-health/infographics/cervical-cancer-screening 

 

Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer: An ASTRO Clinical Practice Guideline 

https://www.practicalradonc.org/cms/10.1016/j.prro.2020.04.002/attachment/b3495c02-3020-4944-9248-122057abef3b/mmc1.pdf 

 

Consensus guidelines for delineation of clinical target volume for intensity-modulated pelvic radiotherapy for the definitive treatment of cervix cancer 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20472347/ 

 

Recommendations from Gynaecological (GYN) GEC-ESTRO Working Group 

https://www.brachyacademy.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/GEC-ESTRO-Recom-I.pdf 

 

Highlights 

 

Acknowledgements 

Thank you to Dr. Christine Chin. 

https://www.cancer.columbia.edu/profile/christine-chin-md 

Episode 10 - Endometrial Cancer

Episode 10 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CHT - Chemotherapy

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

LN – Lymph Nodes

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion

MLC – Micro-Leaf Collimator

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network

OAR – Organs at Risk

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RT – Radiation Therapy

T stage – Tumor Staging

TNM – Tumor Node Metastasis

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

CBC – Complete Blood Count

TVUS – Trans Vaginal Ultra Sound

CXR – Chest X-Ray

CT CAP – CT of the Chest Abdomen and Pelvis

HNPCC - Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer

TAH BSO - Total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

FIGO - International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)

MMI - Myometrial Invasion

PA – Para-Aortic

VCB – Vaginal Cylinder Brachytherapy

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

EBRT – External Beam Radiation Therapy

 

Staging

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/endometrial-carcinoma-staging-2?lang=us


ESGO/ESTRO/ESP guidelines

https://ijgc.bmj.com/content/31/1/12

 

Molecular Classification

https://jcp.bmj.com/content/early/2022/05/29/jclinpath-2022-208345

 

FIRES Trial

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(17)30068-2/fulltext

 

Substantial LVSI – significant risk factor for recurrence

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26049688/

 

Fractionation in HDR Brachytherapy

https://www.americanbrachytherapy.org/ABS/document-server/?cfp=ABS/assets/File/public/consensus-statements/Brachy2.pdf

 

ABS Consensus Guidelines for adjuvant vaginal cuff brachytherapy

https://www.clinicalkey.com/#!/content/playContent/1-s2.0-S1538472111003874?scrollTo=%23hl0000665

 

Highlights

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Claire Baniel, who was featured in this episode.

https://radonc.stanford.edu/education/residency/therapyresidents1.html#pgy_iii_-_year_2

 

Thank you to Dr. Christine Chin.

https://www.cancer.columbia.edu/profile/christine-chin-md

Episode 9 - Extremity Sarcoma

Episode 9 Show Notes

Abbreviations

Bx - Biopsy

CTV- Clinical Tumor Volume

EDM- Electronic Dance Music

GIST- Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

ITV- Internal Target Volume

IVC- Inferior Vena Cava

LN – Lymph Nodes

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

PTV- Planning Tumor Volume

PORT- Post-operative Radiation Therapy

RT- Radiation Therapy

RP- Retroperitoneal

SBO- Small Bowel Obstruction

STS – Soft Tissue Sarcoma

4D-CT- Four-dimensional Computed Tomography

 

NCCN Guidelines

https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/sarcoma.pdf

 

Staging

https://jnccn.org/view/journals/jnccn/16/2/article-p144.xml 

 

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Everett Moding.

https://profiles.stanford.edu/everett-moding

Episode 8 - Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

Episode 8 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CTV- Clinical Tumor Volume

EDM- Electronic Dance Music

GIST- Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

ITV- Internal Target Volume

IVC- Inferior Vena Cava

PTV- Planning Tumor Volume

PORT- Post-operative Radiation Therapy

RT- Radiation Therapy

RP- Retroperitoneal

SBO- Small Bowel Obstruction

4D-CT- Four-dimensional Computed Tomography 

 

The STRASS TRIAL 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(20)30446-0/fulltext


NCCN Guidelines
https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/sarcoma.pdf



Highlights

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Everett Moding.

https://profiles.stanford.edu/everett-moding

Episode 7 - Locally Advanced Breast Cancer 2

Episode 7 Show Notes

Abbreviations

BCT – Breast Conservation Therapy

BI-RADS - Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System

CHT - Chemotherapy

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DCIS - Ductal carcinoma in situ

DIBH – Deep Inspiratory Breath Hold

ENE – Extranodal Extension

ER – Estrogen Receptor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HER2 - Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

IDC – Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

IMN – Internal Mammary Nodes

Ki67 - percentage score defined as the percentage of positively stained tumor cells among the total number of malignant cells assessed, commonly used measure of cellular proliferation in breast cancer tissue

LAD - Lymphadenopathy

LN – Lymph Nodes

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion

MLC – Microleaf Collimator

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

NAC – Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network

OAR – Organs at Risk

PMRT – Post Mastectomy Radiation Therapy

PR – Progesterone Receptor

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RNI – Regional Nodal Irradiation

RT – Radiation Therapy

SLNB – Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

T stage – Tumor Staging

TNM – Tumor Node Metastasis

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

 

Staging

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer/stages-types-grades/tnm-staging

 

Breast Screening Guidelines

https://www.komen.org/breast-cancer/screening/when-to-screen/average-risk-women/

 

DIBH

https://www.petermac.org/DIBH

 

Highlights

Acknowledgements