Episodes

Episodes List

Episode 19 - Meningioma

Episode 19 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CNS – Central Nervous System

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HPF – High Powered Field

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

LC – Local control

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

NF-2 – Neurofibromatosis 2

OAR – Organs at Risk

OS – Overall Survival

PCP – Primary Care Physician

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RT – Radiotherapy

SRS – Stereotactic Radiosurgery

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy

WHO – World Health Organization

 

WHO Grading

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/meningioma-grading

 

Simpson Grading

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/simpson-grade?lang=us

 

Hormonal Therapy and Meningioma

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc071938

 

RTOG 0539

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31786276/

 

Highlights

 

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Tania Kaprealian

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/tania-kaprealian

Episode 18 - Nasopharynx Cancer

Episode 18 Show Notes

Abbreviations  

BOS – Base of Skull

BOT – Base of Tongue

CN – Cranial Nerve

CRT – Chemoradiotherapy 

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

EBV - Epstein–Barr Virus

ENT – Otorhinolaryngology

FNA – Fine Needle Aspiration

H&P – History and Physical 

HPV – Human papilloma virus

ICA – internal carotid artery

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

LAD – Lymphadenopathy 

LN – Lymph Nodes 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

NPC – Nasopharynx cancer

NPX – Nasopharynx

OAR – Organs at Risk 

OPX – Oropharynx

PET- positron emission tomography

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume 

RPN – Retropharyngeal Node

RT – Radiotherapy 

SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma

SCM – Sternocleidomastoid

SIB – Simultaneous integrated boost 

SMG – Submandibular glands

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy 

WHO – World Health Organization

 

NPX Staging  

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/nasopharyngeal-cancer-staging?lang=us

 

NCCN guidelines 

https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/head-and-neck.pdf 

Head and Neck Anatomy 

https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/head-and-neck-anatomy 

 

Highlights  

Acknowledgements  

Thank you to Dr. Beth Beadle 

https://profiles.stanford.edu/beth-beadle 




Episode 17 - Oropharynx Cancer

Episode 17 Show Notes

Abbreviations  

BOT – Base of Tongue 

CRT – Chemoradiotherapy  

ENT – Otorhinolaryngology 

H&P – History and Physical  

HPV – Human papilloma virus 

ICA – internal carotid artery 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy  

LAD – Lymphadenopathy  

LN – Lymph Nodes  

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

OAR – Organs at Risk  

OPX – Oropharynx 

PET- positron emission tomography 

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume  

RT – Radiotherapy  

SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma 

SCM – Sternocleidomastoid 

SIB – Simultaneous integrated boost  

SMG – Submandibular glands 

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy  

 

 P16+ OPX Staging  

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/hpv-mediated-p16-positive-oropharyngeal-cancer-staging?lang=us 

 

NCCN guidelines 

https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/head-and-neck.pdf 

Head and Neck Anatomy 

https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/head-and-neck-anatomy 

 

Highlights  


Acknowledgements  

Thank you to Dr. Beth Beadle 

https://profiles.stanford.edu/beth-beadle 




Episode 16 - Rectal Cancer

Episode 16 Show Notes

Abbreviations 

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy 

4D-CT – 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography 

CBC – Complete Blood Count 

CI – Common Iliac 

CMP – Complete Metabolic Panel 

CRT – Chemoradiotherapy 

DRE – Digital Rectal Exam 

FNA – Fine Needle Aspiration 

GI – Gastrointestinal 

H&P – History and Physical 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

LAD – Lymphadenopathy 

LARC – Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer 

LINAC – Linear Accelerator 

LN – Lymph Nodes 

MLC – Micro-Leaf Collimators 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

OAR – Organs at Risk 

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume 

RT – Radiotherapy 

SIB – Simultaneous integrated boost 

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy 

 

Anal Cancer Staging 

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/rectal-cancer-staging?lang=us 


RAPIDO 

https://www.thelancet.com/article/S1470-2045(20)30555-6/fulltext 


OPRA 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35483010/ 


PRODIGE 23 

https://www.thelancet.com/article/S1470-2045(21)00079-6/fulltext 


STAR-TReC 

https://ro-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13014-020-01487-6 

 

RTOG 0822 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4540628/ 


Highlights 

Acknowledgements 

Thank you to Dr. Ramez Kouzy, who was featured in this episode. 

https://www.linkedin.com/in/ramez-kouzy-b2329761/ 

 

Thank you to Dr. Emma B. Holliday 

https://faculty.mdanderson.org/profiles/emma_holliday.html 


Episode 15 - Anal Cancer

Episode 15 Show Notes

Abbreviations

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy

4D-CT – 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography

5FU – Fluorouracil

APR – Abdominal Perineal Resection

CBC – Complete Blood Count

CEA - Carcinoembryonic Antigen

CMP – Complete Metabolic Panel

CRT – Chemoradiotherapy

DRE – Digital Rectal Exam

FNA – Fine Needle Aspiration

GI - Gastrointestinal

H&P – History and Physical

HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HPV - Human Papillomavirus

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

LAD - Lymphadenopathy

LINAC – Linear Accelerator

LN – Lymph Nodes

MLC – Micro-Leaf Collimators

MMC – Mitomycin C

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MU – Monitor Units

OAR – Organs at Risk

pCR – Pathologic Complete Response

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RT – Radiotherapy

SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma

SIB – Simultaneous integrated boost

STD – Sexually Transmitted Disease

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy

 

Anal Cancer Staging

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/anal-cancer-staging-1?lang=us

Nigro Regimen

https://acsjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/1097-0142(19830515)51:10%3C1826::AID-CNCR2820511012%3E3.0.CO;2-L

RTOG 8704

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8823332/

ACTII

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(13)70086-X/fulltext


Highlights

 

 Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Emma B. Holliday

https://faculty.mdanderson.org/profiles/emma_holliday.html

Episode 14 - Quick n' Dirty Dosi 3

Episode 14 Show Notes

Abbreviations

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy

4D-CT – 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography

CBCT – Cone Beam Computed Tomography

cGy – Centi-Gray

CI_ Conformality index

HDR – High Dose Rate

HI – Homogeneity index

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

LINAC – Linear Accelerator

MLC – Micro-Leaf Collimators

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MU – Monitor Units

OAR – Organs at Risk

TPR – Tissue Phantom Ratio

TPS – Treatment Planning system

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy

 

DVH

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10192366/

 

CB-CHOPS

https://appliedradiationoncology.com/articles/cb-chop-a-simple-acronym-for-evaluating-a-radiation-treatment-plan

 

CI

https://www.redjournal.org/article/S0360-3016(05)02719-7/fulltext

 

HI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3532749/


Highlights

 Acknowledgements

Thank you to Ontida Apinorasethkul, MS, CMD

https://www.linkedin.com/in/ontida/

Episode 13 - Quick n' Dirty Dosi 2

Episode 13 Show Notes

Abbreviations

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy

4D-CT – 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography

CBCT – Cone Beam Computed Tomography 

cGy – Centi-Gray 

HDR – High Dose Rate 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

kV – KiloVoltage 

LINAC – Linear Accelerator 

LDR – Lose Dose Rate 

MLC – Micro-Lead Collimators 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

MU – Monitor Units 

OAR – Organs at Risk

ODI – Optical Distance Indicator

TPR – Tissue Phantom Ratio 

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy 


What is IMRT 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZS6DVGBx0k&ab_channel=TheNCIHospital 


What is VMAT

https://vimeo.com/26858213


Radiation Therapy SRS 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6d_dtVTs4CM&ab_channel=TED-Ed 


Simulations

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ePjvoqXeDow&ab_channel=TampaGeneralHospital


Highlights 


Acknowledgements  

Thank you to Diana No, CMD

https://www.linkedin.com/in/diana-kwa-no-3aa0a26/

Episode 12 - Quick n' Dirty Dosi 1

Episode 12 Show Notes

Abbreviations  

3D-CRT – 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy

CBCT – Cone Beam Computed Tomography 

cGy – Centi-Gray 

HDR – High Dose Rate 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

kV – KiloVoltage 

LINAC – Linear Accelerator 

LDR – Lose Dose Rate 

MLC – Micro-Lead Collimators 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

MU – Monitor Units 

TPR – Tissue Phantom Ratio 

VMAT – Volumetric Arc Therapy 


How do LINACs Work   

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jSgnWfbEx1A&ab_channel=Elekta 


What is IMRT 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZS6DVGBx0k&ab_channel=TheNCIHospital 


Radiation Therapy SRS 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6d_dtVTs4CM&ab_channel=TED-Ed 

  

Protons vs Photons 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QM1PPplvYDQ&ab_channel=ProtonTherapyCenter 


Highlights


Acknowledgements  

Thank you to Dr. Daniel Pham.

https://med.stanford.edu/medphysics/about/dosimetry-team.html 

Episode 11 - Cervical Cancer

Episode 11 Show Notes

Abbreviations 

CBC – Complete Blood Count 

CHT - Chemotherapy 

CT – Computed Tomography 

CT CAP – CT of the Chest Abdomen and Pelvis 

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume 

CXR – Chest X-Ray 

EBRT – External Beam Radiation Therapy 

FIGO - International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume 

H&P – History and Physical 

HNPCC - Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer 

HPV – Human Papilloma Virus 

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 

LN – Lymph Nodes 

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion 

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging 

N stage – Nodal Staging 

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network 

OAR – Organs at Risk 

PA – Para-Aortic 

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume 

RT – Radiation Therapy 

T stage – Tumor Staging 

TNM – Tumor Node Metastasis 

TVUS – Trans Vaginal Ultra Sound 

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray 

VCB – Vaginal Cylinder Brachytherapy 

 

Staging 

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/cervical-cancer-staging-1?lang=us 

 

ACOG Screening Guidelines 

https://www.acog.org/womens-health/infographics/cervical-cancer-screening 

 

Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer: An ASTRO Clinical Practice Guideline 

https://www.practicalradonc.org/cms/10.1016/j.prro.2020.04.002/attachment/b3495c02-3020-4944-9248-122057abef3b/mmc1.pdf 

 

Consensus guidelines for delineation of clinical target volume for intensity-modulated pelvic radiotherapy for the definitive treatment of cervix cancer 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20472347/ 

 

Recommendations from Gynaecological (GYN) GEC-ESTRO Working Group 

https://www.brachyacademy.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/GEC-ESTRO-Recom-I.pdf 

 

Highlights 

 

Acknowledgements 

Thank you to Dr. Christine Chin. 

https://www.cancer.columbia.edu/profile/christine-chin-md 

Episode 10 - Endometrial Cancer

Episode 10 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CHT - Chemotherapy

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

LN – Lymph Nodes

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion

MLC – Micro-Leaf Collimator

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network

OAR – Organs at Risk

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RT – Radiation Therapy

T stage – Tumor Staging

TNM – Tumor Node Metastasis

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

CBC – Complete Blood Count

TVUS – Trans Vaginal Ultra Sound

CXR – Chest X-Ray

CT CAP – CT of the Chest Abdomen and Pelvis

HNPCC - Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer

TAH BSO - Total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

FIGO - International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)

MMI - Myometrial Invasion

PA – Para-Aortic

VCB – Vaginal Cylinder Brachytherapy

IMRT – Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

EBRT – External Beam Radiation Therapy

 

Staging

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/endometrial-carcinoma-staging-2?lang=us


ESGO/ESTRO/ESP guidelines

https://ijgc.bmj.com/content/31/1/12

 

Molecular Classification

https://jcp.bmj.com/content/early/2022/05/29/jclinpath-2022-208345

 

FIRES Trial

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(17)30068-2/fulltext

 

Substantial LVSI – significant risk factor for recurrence

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26049688/

 

Fractionation in HDR Brachytherapy

https://www.americanbrachytherapy.org/ABS/document-server/?cfp=ABS/assets/File/public/consensus-statements/Brachy2.pdf

 

ABS Consensus Guidelines for adjuvant vaginal cuff brachytherapy

https://www.clinicalkey.com/#!/content/playContent/1-s2.0-S1538472111003874?scrollTo=%23hl0000665

 

Highlights

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Claire Baniel, who was featured in this episode.

https://radonc.stanford.edu/education/residency/therapyresidents1.html#pgy_iii_-_year_2

 

Thank you to Dr. Christine Chin.

https://www.cancer.columbia.edu/profile/christine-chin-md

Episode 9 - Extremity Sarcoma

Episode 9 Show Notes

Abbreviations

Bx - Biopsy

CTV- Clinical Tumor Volume

EDM- Electronic Dance Music

GIST- Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

ITV- Internal Target Volume

IVC- Inferior Vena Cava

LN – Lymph Nodes

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

PTV- Planning Tumor Volume

PORT- Post-operative Radiation Therapy

RT- Radiation Therapy

RP- Retroperitoneal

SBO- Small Bowel Obstruction

STS – Soft Tissue Sarcoma

4D-CT- Four-dimensional Computed Tomography

 

NCCN Guidelines

https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/sarcoma.pdf

 

Staging

https://jnccn.org/view/journals/jnccn/16/2/article-p144.xml 

 

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Everett Moding.

https://profiles.stanford.edu/everett-moding

Episode 8 - Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

Episode 8 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CTV- Clinical Tumor Volume

EDM- Electronic Dance Music

GIST- Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

ITV- Internal Target Volume

IVC- Inferior Vena Cava

PTV- Planning Tumor Volume

PORT- Post-operative Radiation Therapy

RT- Radiation Therapy

RP- Retroperitoneal

SBO- Small Bowel Obstruction

4D-CT- Four-dimensional Computed Tomography 

 

The STRASS TRIAL 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(20)30446-0/fulltext


NCCN Guidelines
https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/sarcoma.pdf



Highlights

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Everett Moding.

https://profiles.stanford.edu/everett-moding

Episode 7 - Locally Advanced Breast Cancer 2

Episode 7 Show Notes

Abbreviations

BCT – Breast Conservation Therapy

BI-RADS - Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System

CHT - Chemotherapy

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DCIS - Ductal carcinoma in situ

DIBH – Deep Inspiratory Breath Hold

ENE – Extranodal Extension

ER – Estrogen Receptor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HER2 - Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

IDC – Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

IMN – Internal Mammary Nodes

Ki67 - percentage score defined as the percentage of positively stained tumor cells among the total number of malignant cells assessed, commonly used measure of cellular proliferation in breast cancer tissue

LAD - Lymphadenopathy

LN – Lymph Nodes

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion

MLC – Microleaf Collimator

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

NAC – Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network

OAR – Organs at Risk

PMRT – Post Mastectomy Radiation Therapy

PR – Progesterone Receptor

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RNI – Regional Nodal Irradiation

RT – Radiation Therapy

SLNB – Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

T stage – Tumor Staging

TNM – Tumor Node Metastasis

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

 

Staging

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer/stages-types-grades/tnm-staging

 

Breast Screening Guidelines

https://www.komen.org/breast-cancer/screening/when-to-screen/average-risk-women/

 

DIBH

https://www.petermac.org/DIBH

 

Highlights

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Ryan Morse, who was featured in this episode.

https://www.med.unc.edu/radonc/education/residency/current/meet-the-residents-dr-ryan-morse/


Thank you to Dr. Michael Xiang.

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/michael-xiang

Episode 6 - Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

Episode 6 Show Notes

Abbreviations

BCT – Breast Conservation Therapy

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DCIS - Ductal carcinoma in situ

DIBH – Deep Inspiratory Breath Hold

ER – Estrogen Receptor

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HER2 - Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

IDC – Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

IMN – Internal Mammary Nodes

Ki67 - percentage score defined as the percentage of positively stained tumor cells among the total number of malignant cells assessed, commonly used measure of cellular proliferation in breast cancer tissue

LN – Lymph Nodes

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion

MLC – Microleaf Collimator

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

NAC – Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

OAR – Organs at Risk

PR – Progesterone Receptor

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RNI – Regional Nodal Irradiation

RT – Radiation Therapy

SLNB – Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

T stage – Tumor Staging

TDM1 - Trastuzumab emtansine

TNBC – Triple Negative Breast Cancer

TNM – Tumor Node Metastasis

USPSTF - United States Preventive Services Taskforce

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

VATS - Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

WBI – Whole Breast Irradiation

 

Staging

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer/stages-types-grades/tnm-staging

 

Breast Screening Guidelines

https://www.komen.org/breast-cancer/screening/when-to-screen/average-risk-women/

 

DIBH

https://www.petermac.org/DIBH

 

NEOSPHERE

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70336-9/fulltext

  

Highlights

Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Michael Xiang.

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/michael-xiang

Episode 5 - Early Stage Breast Cancer

Episode 5 Show Notes

Abbreviations

BCT – Breast Conservation Therapy

BI-RADS - Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DCIS - Ductal carcinoma in situ

DIBH – Deep Inspiratory Breath Hold

ER – Estrogen Receptor

FNA – Fine Needle Aspiration

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

HER2 - Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2

HRT – Hormone Replacement Therapy

IDC – Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

IMN – Internal Mammary Nodes

Ki67 - percentage score defined as the percentage of positively stained tumor cells among the total number of malignant cells assessed, commonly used measure of cellular proliferation in breast cancer tissue

LN – Lymph Nodes

LVSI - Lymph-Vascular Space Invasion

MLC – Microleaf Collimator

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

OAR – Organs at Risk

OCP - Oral Contraceptive Pills

PBI – Partial Breast Irradiation

PCP – Primary Care Physician

PR – Progesterone Receptor

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RT – Radiation Therapy

SLNB – Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

T stage – Tumor Staging

USPSTF - United States Preventive Services Taskforce

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

VATS - Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

WBI – Whole Breast Irradiation

 

Staging

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer/stages-types-grades/tnm-staging

 

Breast Screening Guidelines

https://www.komen.org/breast-cancer/screening/when-to-screen/average-risk-women/

 

USPSTF Breast Cancer Screening

https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/recommendation/breast-cancer-screening

 

BIRADs Scoring

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/screening-tests-and-early-detection/mammograms/understanding-your-mammogram-report.html

 

DIBH

https://www.petermac.org/DIBH

 

Choosing Wisely

https://www.choosingwisely.org/societies/society-of-surgical-oncology/

 

FAST FORWARD

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30932-6/fulltext

 

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Michael Xiang.

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/michael-xiang

Episode 4 - Early Stage Lung Cancer

Episode 4 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CABG - Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

CBC – Complete Blood Count

CMP – Complete Metabolic Panel

COPD - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

CT – Computed Tomography

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DLCO - Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (measures the ability of the lungs to transfer gas from inhaled air to the red blood cells in pulmonary capillaries)

Dmax – Dose Maximum

EBUS - Endobronchial Ultrasound

FEV1 - Forced expiratory volume in the first second (Volume that has been exhaled at the end of the first second of forced expiration)

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

ITV – Internal Target Volume

IV – Intravenous

LN – Lymph Nodes

LUL – Left Upper Lobe

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal Staging

NSCLC – Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

PET - Positron emission tomography

PFS – Progression Free Survival

PFT – Pulmonary Function Test

PORT – Post Operative Radiation Therapy

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

SABR – stereotactic ablative radiotherapy

SBRT - stereotactic body radiation therapy

TTF-1 - Thyroid transcription factor 1 (used as a diagnostic marker for lung adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma)

USPSTF - United States Preventive Services Taskforce

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

VATS - Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

 

Staging

https://www.jto.org/action/showPdf?pii=S1556-0864%2815%2900017-9

 

Anatomy

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532863/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532863/figure/article-24847.image.f2/?report=objectonly

 

USPSTF Lung Cancer Screening

https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/recommendation/lung-cancer-screening

 

4D-CT imaging

https://www.aapm.org/meetings/06ss/documents/ClincalUseof4DCT_Low.pdf

 

Lung Tumor Location and Toxicity

https://ascopubs.org/doi/figure/10.1200/JCO.2006.07.5937

https://www.lungcancerjournal.info/article/S0169-5002(15)00232-9/fulltext

CALGB 9366

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2652093/pdf/7795.pdf

 

LungART

https://www.thelancet.com/article/S1470-2045(21)00606-9/fulltext

 

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Lucas Vitzthum.

https://profiles.stanford.edu/lucas-vitzthum

Episode 3 - Locally Advanced Lung Cancer

Episode 3 Show Notes

Abbreviations

CBC – Complete Blood Count

CMP – Complete Metabolic Panel

CRT – Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy

CT – Computed Tomography

CTAP – Computed Tomography of the Abdomen and Pelvis

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DLCO - Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (measures the ability of the lungs to transfer gas from inhaled air to the red blood cells in pulmonary capillaries)

Dmax – Dose Maximum

EGFR - Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor

FEV1 - Forced expiratory volume in the first second (Volume that has been exhaled at the end of the first second of forced expiration)

GTV – Gross Tumor Volume

H&P – History and Physical

ITV – Internal Target Volume

IV – Intravenous

LAD - Lymphadenopathy

LLL – Left Lower Lobe

LN – Lymph Nodes

MIP – Maximum Intensity Projection

MLD – Mean Lung Dose

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N stage – Nodal stage

NSCLC – Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

PE – Physical Examination

PET - Positron emission tomography

PFS – Progression Free Survival

PFT – Pulmonary Function Test

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma

SVC – Superior Vena Cava

TKI – Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

V20 – Volume receiving 20 Gray

 

Staging

https://www.jto.org/action/showPdf?pii=S1556-0864%2815%2900017-9

 

Anatomy

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532863/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532863/figure/article-24847.image.f2/?report=objectonly

 

USPSTF Lung Cancer Screening

https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/recommendation/lung-cancer-screening

 

4D-CT imaging

https://www.aapm.org/meetings/06ss/documents/ClincalUseof4DCT_Low.pdf

 

PACIFIC Trial

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa1709937

 

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Lucas Vitzthum.

https://profiles.stanford.edu/lucas-vitzthum

Episode 2 - Intermediate Risk Prostate Cancer

Episode 2 Show Notes

Abbreviations

ADT – Androgen Deprivation Therapy

AS – Active Surveillance

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DRE – Digital rectal examination

EBRT – External Beam Radiation Therapy

ECE – Extra-Capsular Extension

EPE – Extra-Prostatic extension

GnRH - Gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone

H&P – History and Physical

HDR – High Dose Rate

LDR – Low Dose Rate

LN – Lymph Nodes

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network

PET – Positron Emission Tomography

PSA – Prostate Specific Antigen

PSMA – Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RALP – Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy

RT – Radiation Therapy

SBRT – Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy

SV – Seminal Vesicles

SVI – Seminal Vesicle Invasion


Staging

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279042/table/prostate-cancer-det.primarytum/

 

Gleason Scoring

https://surgpathcriteria.stanford.edu/prostate/adenocarcinoma/grading.html

 

NCCN Risk Categories

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/image?imageKey=ONC%2F118962

 

Anatomy

https://training.seer.cancer.gov/prostate/anatomy/


Decipher Genomic Testing

https://decipherbio.com/prostate/

The Decipher® Prostate Cancer Test (GenomeDx Biosciences, San Diego, CA) is a genomic test that serves as a prognostic marker of cancer control outcomes in patients newly diagnosed with localized PCa at the time of biopsy, as well as patients who have undergone radical prostatectomy.


STAMPEDE

http://www.stampedetrial.org/centres/eligibility-randomisation/

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)32486-3/fulltext

 

Phoenix definition

https://www.redjournal.org/article/S0360-3016(06)00663-8/fulltext

 

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Amar Kishan.

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/amar-kishan

Episode 1 - Low Risk Prostate Cancer

Episode 1 Show Notes

Abbreviations

AS – Active Surveillance

BPH – Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

CTV – Clinical Tumor Volume

DRE – Digital rectal examination

EBRT – External Beam Radiation Therapy

EPE – Extra-Prostatic extension

H&P – History and Physical

HDR – High Dose Rate

IPSS - International Prostate Symptom Score

LDR – Low Dose Rate

LUTS - Lower urinary tract symptoms

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network

OAR – Organ at Risk

PSA – Prostate Specific Antigen

PTV – Planning Tumor Volume

RALP – Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy

ROS – Review of Systems

RT – Radiation Therapy

SBRT – Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy

SHIM – Sexual Health Inventory for Men

SVI – Seminal Vesicle Invasion

TRUS – Trans-Rectal Ultrasound

TURP – Trans-Urethral Resection of the Prostate

 

Staging

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279042/table/prostate-cancer-det.primarytum/

 

Gleason Scoring

https://surgpathcriteria.stanford.edu/prostate/adenocarcinoma/grading.html

 

NCCN Risk Categories

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/image?imageKey=ONC%2F118962

 

Anatomy

https://training.seer.cancer.gov/prostate/anatomy/

 

Highlights


Acknowledgements

Thank you to Dr. Amar Kishan.

https://www.uclahealth.org/providers/amar-kishan

Disclaimer: The information provided in this podcast and all associated content is for educational and entertainment purposes only and should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease.  Those seeking personal medical advice should consult with their licensed physician(s) . Please consult a medical professional or healthcare provider if you are seeking medical advice, diagnoses, or treatment. These scenarios also do not represent real oral boards cases.